Phosphatidylserine is a glycerophospholipid or phosphoglyceride, which is a glycerol-based phospholipid. Phosphatidylserine consists of two fatty acids that are attached to a glycerol molecule through an ester linkage. This complex is attached to a serine, an amino acid, through a phosphodiester linkage at a third carbon position of a glycerol. Phosphatidylserine is naturally present in various plants and animals such as cows, Antarctic mackerel, krill oil, fish roe, soybean, sunflower, milk, etc.
In the human body, phosphatidylserine is synthesized in the brain, and plays an important role in protecting neural tissues and transporting neural signals. Currently, commercial phosphatidylserine is manufactured mostly form soybean and sunflower seeds, with a small percentage produced from marine-based sources. Marine-based phosphatidylserine provides new opportunities in the global market of phosphatidylserine, which is rich in omega-3 fatty acids.
Phosphatidylserine is high in neutral oil and fatty acids, and produced in low purity that has an off-flavour to it. These products have limited application in the functional food segment and other industries. And, in order to utilise phosphatidylserine, high-grade purity product is required. Purification processes such as ultrafiltration, supercritical CO2 extraction, and solvent extraction are utilised to reach such high purity levels for use in dietary supplements, nutraceuticals, etc.
A highly complex production process and limited use are some of the main challenges to the growth of the phosphatidylserine market. However, eating healthy due to increasing consciousness about health is becoming a popular trend in Western countries such as the U.S., Canada, U.K., Germany, etc. Dietary supplements are being consumed to stay fit and healthy. Phosphatidylserine supplements offer various health benefits.
Moreover, key players in the market of phosphatidylserine supplements are offering products that are gluten-free, salt-free, sugar-free, starch-free, fish-free, etc., so as to attract health conscious consumers. The market of phosphatidylserine is expected to have a positive outlook over the forecast period of 2018-2028.
Increased Consumption of Dietary Supplements and Functional Foods by Health Conscious Consumers Leading to a Surge in Growth of the Phosphatidylserine Market
In the ‘90s, dietary supplements experienced ballyhoos in North America, especially in the U.S., due to the act of dietary supplements that was passed by the U.S. government in the year 1994. The market for dietary supplements in the U.S. has experienced massive growth over the years. The consumption of dietary supplements has increased significantly among urban adults to deal with psychological stress caused mainly due to busy lifestyles.
The market for phosphatidylserine for dietary supplement products is driven by the high consumption of supplements in Western countries such as the U.S., European countries, and also the increasing consumption in emerging economies such as China and India.
Among the dietary supplement consumers in the U.S., major populace consume supplements for health and wellness purposes. The dietary supplements sub-segment is expected to contribute a major share under the end use segment in the global phosphatidylserine market.
GRAS Status Granted by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Encouraging Manufacturers of Supplements and Functional Foods to Launch New and Innovative Products Incorporating Phosphatidylserine
One of the supporting causes for the increasing use of phosphatidylserine in dietary supplements as well as expanding usage of phosphatidylserine in other sectors is the GRAS status granted by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The grant has encouraged manufacturers to innovate new products by incorporating phosphatidylserine. Phosphatidylserine is used in functional foods such as breakfast cereals, dairy product analogues (imitation milk, soy milk), nutritional bars, processed superfruit and fruit juices, yoghurt, etc.
Also, in 2003, the FDA approved the health claim for phosphatidylserine regarding the improvement of memory and cognitive dysfunction. This approval has led researchers to introduce phosphatidylserine into medical foods, especially for memory-related conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease and dementia.
The use of phosphatidylserine in the cosmetic industry is negligible at present, but is expected to increase due to increased expenditure in the research and development sector. The approval and grant by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration is acting as a catalyst that is driving the global phosphatidylserine market.
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Current Consumer Preference to Opt for Plant-Based Products Creating a Trend in the Global Phosphatidylserine Market
These days, many consumers care about the ingredients in products, and their origin for that matter. Consumers of dietary supplements, functional foods, nutraceuticals, and cosmetic products are opting for products that strictly contain plant-derived ingredients. This preference for plant-based products is due to increasing concerns towards health issues, as well as increasing awareness about animal rights and animal welfare.
Due to the outspread of the bovine spongiform encephalopathy causing a serious condition known as mad cow disease in the late ‘90s, consumers turned away from phosphatidylserine derived from the cow’s brain. This switch triggered the market equation to shift, and manufacturers started using raw materials that were not of animal origin. It is perspicuous that the global market of phosphatidylserine experienced more demand for plant-derived phosphatidylserine than animal-derived phosphatidylserine.
Global Phosphatidylserine Market: Segmentation
By End Use:
- Functional Foods
- Dietary Supplements & Nutraceuticals
- Cosmetics & Personal Care
- Food Grade
- Pharmaceutical Grade
- Plant Source
- Others (Cabbage etc.)
- North America
- Latin America
- East Asia
- South Asia
- Middle East & Africa