Chilled Beam Systems Become Instrumental for Modern-day Transportation Needs
May 06, 2022 | Industrial Automation |
A chilled beam system is an air distribution device with an integrated coil that can be used to deliver sensible cooling and heating in an area. Chilled beam systems can improve energy efficiency in HVAC systems while also lowering energy consumption and maintenance expenses.
These systems can be modified and engineered to work with existing cooling systems, thereby lowering the amount of reheat and fan energy needed. Chilled beam systems save space by lowering the surface area utilized in supply and return chases by 50%,
In addition to being energy efficient and cost-effective. It also cuts carbon emissions by 30-40% and increases the utilization of building floor space. These factors suggest that demand for chilled beam systems is anticipated to rise rapidly in the coming years.
What are the Types of Chilled Beam Systems?
There are two types of chilled beam systems: Active chilled beam systems and Passive chilled beam systems.
Active chilled beams have ductwork that delivers a particular volume of primary air to a pressurized plenum within the device, where it is discharged through induction nozzles, mixed with entrained air, and ventilated the space.
A passive chilled beam is one that is not ducted, does not supply primary air, and does not use fan-powered equipment for any section of the air that crosses the coil; instead, it relies on induction air being drawn over the coil by gravity and air.
Chilled Beam Systems Pros and Cons
The sales of chilled beam systems are growing rapidly; nevertheless, in emerging nations, a lack of awareness of the benefits of chilled beam systems may function as a stumbling block to market expansion.
Various design methodologies exist, each with its own set of risks and rewards. Chilled beam systems have a number of advantages, including:
- Potentially lower initial equipment and construction material costs.
- A higher level of occupant comfort.
- Flexibility in space.
- Energy conservation.
- Easy to operate and maintain.
- The installation and maintenance cost of chilled beam systems are prohibiting their widespread use.
- Expenses of pipe insulation, pumps, beams, and piping.
- The potential risk of water leakage through pipes and valves, which could result in ceiling and beam system damage.
What are the Factors Driving the Sales of Chilled Beam Systems?
The rise of smart cities and the necessity for effective cooling systems in the residential sector, educational institutions, and industrial facilities will continue to boost chilled beam system sales.
Rapid urbanization and industrialization are dramatically increasing energy consumption rates in a variety of sectors across developed and emerging economies. Residential, commercial, healthcare, education, hospitality, and industrial are among these sectors.
The electric power industry in the United States accounted for 96 percent of total utility-scale energy generation in 2020, according to the US Energy Information Administration.
As pollution in the environment worsens, different industries have expressed interest in adopting chilled beam systems to provide general cooling and heating in buildings without the need for separate air-conditioning equipment for each room or area.
Benefits of Using Multi-service Chilled Beam Systems
Apart from active and passive chilled beam systems, multi-service chilled beam systems are becoming increasingly popular in new building designs and projects.
Multi-service chilled beam systems (MSCBs) incorporate lighting, cabling, ducts, audio equipment, and sensors into the chilled beam casing. These systems are excellent for additional trucking because they do not require a ceiling service void. MSCBs are soffit-mounted circuit breakers that allow for proper lighting and ventilation.
Here are some of the benefits of using multi-service chilled beam systems over other types of chilled beam systems:
- Clients can get hybrid systems with a room-facing cooling surface to give radiant heat exchange in rooms, as well as conducted heat exchange to air travelling via coils and across extended ceiling surfaces, if they customize it.
- Coil-to-air heat transfer, free area for airflow and temperature, and coil water flow rate all influence the performance of chilled beam systems. In terms of active beams, quality, volume flow, primary airflow induction capability, and air diffusion are all factors to consider.
- Radiant heat transfer is the most important performance criterion in structures using hybrid beams.
- Fresh air requirements, latent cooling, and supplementing optimal and constant cooling by the chilled beam may all be met by the amount of air provided into the room, whether through active beams or a separate system.
- Sprinklers, cable paths, lighting, and speakers can all be included in multi-service beams, which can be active or passive.
- As these things are included, the initial installation cost of multi-service beams is slightly higher. However, as they provide excellent match for a variety of other systems, installation is quite simple.
- Condensation can be a disincentive in chilled beam systems. It can, however, be avoided by installing suitable control mechanisms. Condensation can be detected and deactivated using dew point sensors when conditions are conducive to condensation.
Moving Ahead with the Competition
Various market players are customizing cooling systems to meet end-user needs, resulting in low-maintenance cooling systems that complement various building structures. In the long run, these variables will continue to promote chilled beam system market expansion.
Furthermore, to increase their worldwide footprint, major players in the chilled beam systems market are focusing on strategic alliances and partnerships. Aside from that, expanding product portfolios and providing strong after-sales services will continue to be an essential growth strategy for leading companies.
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