Casein is a key protein group present in bovine milk. It is a major functional contributor to dairy products used pervasively across the food industry.
Caseins are naturally designed to be dispersed in aqueous solvents and possess voluminous amounts of calcium and calcium phosphate with a viscosity at nearly 2.5% concentration.
Casein contains four peptide bonds such as αS1, αS2, K and β with varying amino acid, phosphorus and carbohydrate contents. However, they are analogous and amphiphilic in nature. Due to their rich protein content, caseins are used to prepare foods, medicines, dietary supplements, and cosmetics.
Other applications include glue manufacturing, paints, plastics and man-made fibers. Such extensive applications are anticipated to provide significant impetus to the market’s growth, registering a noteworthy CAGR of 5.8% during the 2020-2030 forecast period.
Applications in Drug Delivery Systems
Drug delivery systems derived from food proteins hold immense promise in the wake of high nutritional value and excellent functional properties.
Casein protein-based drugs possess high emulsification, foaming, gelation and binding capacities. They possess high tensile strength, making them suitable for use as film coatings for capsules and tablets.
Casein hydrogels are used for organised release of bioactives. Floating beads prepared from casein increases the drug residence time in the stomach based on its bubble-forming, and emulsifying properties.
Additionally, casein has applications in nano formulations to deliver synthetic and nutraceuticals drugs through graft copolymerization, enzymatic crosslinking, and heat gelation.
Based on the aforementioned trends, the global casein market is scheduled to reach greater heights during the forecast period. Moreover, studies have inferred that casein formulations greatly improve treatment for infants and children suffering from HIV/AIDS. Research shows that casein milk powder contains ritonavir, an antiretroviral formula.
Acceptance of A2-Type ? Casein Milk
A2 milk is the milk produced by domestic cows who primarily have A2 beta-casein protein. There are two kinds of protein in cow milk- A1 and A2, which differ by a single amino acid. Scientists have highlighted several benefits of consuming A2 milk, the most important one being easy digestion.
This type of milk consumption is increasing in India, with farmers increasingly rearing indigenous breeds such as Gir and Sahiwal. These cows yield pure A2 milk. It is a rich source of calcium, aiding in bone construction in children as well as adults. Moreover, it is also hormone-free, thus rendering it an ideal choice.
The A2 beta-casein milk type is organic as it is devoid of GMOs, antibiotics, and other chemicals, whereas A1 beta-casein milk type has several side-effects, proving detrimental to mental health. The latter contains BCM-7 which may induce neurological disorders such as schizophrenia and autism, or sudden infant death syndrome.
In light of these trends, consumption of A2-beta casein milk is experiencing an upswing, leading to further expansion of the casein market in the forthcoming forecast period.
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Availability of Low-Cost Substitutes
The global protein consumption is rapidly shifting towards plant-based low-cost alternatives such as soy, almonds and rice, thereby causing a southward trend in the demand for animal-derived proteins. This is anticipated to decelerate growth in the long-term forecast. Also, price volatility renders casein proteins more expensive.
Furthermore, there is a general shift towards consuming naturally derived products, motivated to a very large extent by environmental and animal welfare concerns.
Several non-governmental and governmental authorities have voiced their apprehensions concerning the often cruel approaches towards milk extraction from bovines. This has discouraged milk consumption, restraining growth.
Global Casein Market- Regional Overview
North America Casein Market
The North American casein market is expected to register impressive growth throughout the 2020-2030 forecast period, attributed to various end-use applications. Maximum application is being witnessed in the sports nutrition sector, both across the United States and Canada.
Until recently, there was no domestic casein production throughout the U.S. However, in 2013, Milk Specialties Global, the country’s largest producer of high-quality milk and whey proteins, announced the incorporation of caseins within its product portfolio. The initial production amounted to 5 million pounds annually.
The core of the company’s business is in value-added dairy ingredients, including whey protein isolate, concentrate and hydrolysate, along with milk protein, lactose and micellar casein market. In April 2019, it introduced the ZERLAC range of lactose-free high protein dairy ingredients for the functional food market.
Majority of the casein produced domestically is utilized in caseinates production which act as a key ingredient for nutritional beverages and coffee whiteners. Besides, caseins are being extensively used in the production of low-fat dairy products, infant foods and soups throughout the North American landscape.
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Europe Casein Market
Europe is poised to account for a substantial share of the global casein products market. The European Union is a substantial milk and milk products producer, integrated within the common market organizational framework. Milk production in all EU countries represents a significant proportion of the EU agricultural output.
Total EU milk production is estimated around 155 million tons annually, with France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain and Italy at the forefront. Collectively, these countries account for 70% of the EU milk production. Such immense volumes are majorly contributing to the European casein market proliferation.
The high production volume is also attributed to several interventional policies adopted by the EU to safeguard the milk and dairy sector from market turbulences. These comprise both public intervention and private storage.
Public intervention consists of the buying up of a good by public authorities, placing it in public storage for as long as needed, until market conditions allow for its release back on to the market. In the case of the dairy sector, public intervention is available for butter and skimmed milk powder (SMP).
Such arrangements have encouraged casein producers to set up camp across the European countries profiled in this report. Players such as Arla Foods Ingredients Group, Groupe Lactalis and Burt Lewis ingredients hold considerable sway, registering substantial amounts of revenue.
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South Asia Casein Market
South Asia is expected to record remarkable growth during the forecast period. This growth is a part and parcel of the overall dairy industry expansion across Asia. According to OECD and FAO, the strongest gains in dairy production have been witnessed across Asia.
By 2017, Asia contributed 20% of the global milk production. Amongst all regions, India is anticipated to top the charts in terms of future growth. In 2018, the South Asian giant produced over 1/5th of the global milk output, amounting to 186 million tons. Hence, the market for casein products will expand substantially.
Owing to these development, presence of casein manufacturers has increased in the South Asian market. Additionally, consumers are become more health conscious across these regions, thus accelerating demand for nutrition-rich functional foods. This is accelerating demand for casein based supplements. Also, applications in pharmaceuticals is driving growth in this region.
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Category Wise Insights
Sodium Caseinate holds a major share, exceeding half of the global casein market. Sodium caseinate has a range of application in food, beverages, health & personal care, pharmaceuticals, and feed industry. Prominent producers are focusing on various launches and innovations to tailor the increasing demand for casein.
However, rising incidences of orthopedic disorders such as osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, scoliosis and other bone anomalies is catapulting demand for calcium caseinates. After a certain age, individuals experience calcium deficiency, leading to the aforementioned disorders, requiring them to consume calcium supplements.
Surging demand for functional foods and protein supplements is generating an upward sloping demand curve for food-grade casein products. As individuals lead highly fast-paced lives, consumption of ready-to-eat foods is surging. Thus, instant foods laced with caseins are witnessing high ground for expansion. Additionally, they are also in coffee whiteners.
Massive adoption is anticipated across the beverages sector, expected to capture close to a quarter of the market share. This is attributed to rising interest in physical and sports activities. Heightened levels of physical exertion has boosted the need for additional protein supplements, thus paving way for casein beverages.
Native micellar caseins possess outstanding hydration properties along with heat stabilizing properties. This renders them highly useful across multiple industries. Moreover, they are popular as a texturizing agent, being extensively used in the cheese processing industry.
Caseins are also extremely suitable as emulsifying agents and are used in producing infant foods. Infant nutritional products are specifically formulated milks for babies and young children. As their guts are not fully develop, they need to consume foods which are easy to digest. Emulsified foods are the best solution for this.
As the COVID-19 pandemic brings about sluggishness in the global economy, every industry vertical is experiencing a downsizing of operations. Supply chain disruptions in the wake of lockdowns have ushered in a disequilibrium in the demand-supply equation. This has generated revenue shortfalls and reduced profit margins.
The global casein market has also been impacted by this downturn. In the initial months of the pandemic, logistical constraints rendered it difficult to procure raw materials for productions. This led to a cessation of production to a large extent. Fortunately, heightening demand for health-based functional foods has sustained the growth.
As consumers are now careful about following a hygienic lifestyle, investments in immunity boosting foods is providing credible traction to casein imbued foods and beverages. Realizing this surging demand, prominent manufacturers are relying on online sales platforms to enable consumer access to their products.
Moreover, vendors are ensuring that production facilities remain operational while implementing strict safeguards to prevent infections on-premises. Mandatory social distancing and wearing personal protective equipment have proven very useful in maintaining continuity of operations. Thus, a steady trajectory is predicted for the market in the short term forecast.
Global Casein Market- Competitive Landscape
Prominent players in the international casein market are Koninklijke FrieslandCampina N.V. (DFE Pharma), Fonterra Co-operative Group, AMCO Proteins, Arla Foods Ingredients Group P/S and Groupe Lactalis, and Glanbia, Plc*. These accounted for a cumulative share of approximately ~40-50%. High product quality and variety has limited the competition to these companies.
Launching innovative products at affordable prices is at the cornerstone of these and other prominent players. In February 2018, FrieslandCampina launched a new ingredient, Micelate Prestige that offers heat stability, good dispersibility, emulsification, and low viscosity.
Likewise, in August 2020, Bioergs- an Italian start-up company, introduced a next-generation dextran that is 10x as inexpensive compared to standard dextran; it also has high level of casein to enhance the moisture by binding with water and also to maintain texture.
In August 2020, Arla Foods introduced its first organic ingredient due to increasing demand for natural protein ingredients. The product, MicelPure, has 87% native protein suitable for functional ingredient-based health foods. It contains reduced fat and lactose content, and is heat-stable.
Casein Market- Report Scope
Historical Data Available for
USD Million for Value & Volume (Tons)
Key Regions Covered
North America, Latin America, Europe, East Asia, South Asia, Oceania and Middle East & Africa
Key Countries Covered
U.S, Canada, Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Germany, Italy, France, U.K, Spain, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Russia, Poland, China, Japan, South Korea, Mongolia, India, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines, Australia, New Zealand, GCC, North Africa, South Africa and Central Africa
Key Segments Covered
Derivatives Type, End-Use and Function Type
Key Companies Profiled
Koninklijke FrieslandCampina N.V. (DFE Pharma), Fonterra Co-operative Group, AMCO Proteins, Hoogwegt Groep B.V., Burt Lewis Ingredients, Charotar Casein Company, Glanbia, Plc, Arla Foods Ingredients Group P/S, Groupe Lactalis, The Milky Whey, Inc., Idaho Milk Products, Inc., and Milk Specialties Global
Market Overview, Regulatory Scenario, Key Trends, Success Factors, Trade Analysis, Supply Chain & Margin Analysis, Pricing Analysis, Demand Analysis, DROT Analysis, Segmental Overview, Regional Profiling, COVID-19 Impact Analysis and Competition Analysis
Customization & Pricing
Key Questions Answered in the Report
- What is the global casein market size?
The global casein market size was US$ 9.2 million in 2019. The growth rate for the market will be 5.8% CAGR during 2020-2030
- Which is the largest market for casein products?
Europe is the largest market for casein products globally. This is largely ascribed to heightened adoption in the sports nutrition and functional foods segments respectively.
- Which are the top companies in the landscape?
Prominent players in the global casein market are Koninklijke FrieslandCampina N.V. (DFE Pharma), Fonterra Co-operative Group, AMCO Proteins, Arla Foods Ingredients Group P/S and Groupe Lactalis, and Glanbia, Plc. These accounted for a cumulative share of approximately ~40-50%.
- To what extent will the COVID-19 pandemic impact the market’s growth trajectory?
The pandemic crisis has ushered in a significant downturn in the uptake of caseins, attributed to falling industrial grade operations across key verticals. Demand has remained sustained across the food, beverage and healthcare sectors as they are deemed essential services. A moderate recovery path is projected in the future
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Casein Market segmentation
- Sodium Caseinate
- Calcium Caseinate
- Potassium Caseinate
- Cheese Processing
- Ready-to-eat Meals
- Dairy Products
- Coffee Whiteners
- Sauce & Seasoning
- Meat Processing (Sausage)
- Meat Products
- Infant Nutrition
- Clinical Nutrition
- Sports Nutrition
- Personal Care
- Skin Care
- Hair Care
- Agriculture/Animal Feed/Poultry
- Other Industries
- Texturizing Agent
- Flavoring Agent
- Coating Agent
- Binding Agent
- Emulsifying Agent
- Heat Stabilizing Agent
- North America (U.S & Canada)
- Latin America (Mexico, Brazil, Argentina & Rest of Latin America)
- Europe (Germany, Italy, France, U.K, Spain, BENELUX, Russia, Poland & Rest of Europe)
- South Asia (India, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines & Rest of South Asia)
- East Asia (China, Japan, South Korea & Mongolia)
- Oceania (Australia & New Zealand)
- Middle East & Africa (GCC, North Africa, Central Africa & South Africa)