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Fiber Optic Gyroscope Market

Fiber Optic Gyroscope Market By Sensing Axis (1-Axis, 2-Axis, 3-Axis), Device (Fiber Optics Gyrocompass, Inertial Measurement Units (IMUs), Inertial Navigation Systems), Application (Aeronautics and Aviation, Robotics, Remotely Operated Vehicle Guidance, Military & Defense, Industrial) & Region - Forecast to 2021 - 2031

Fiber Optic Gyroscope Market By Sensing Axis (1-Axis, 2-Axis, 3-Axis), Device (Fiber Optics Gyrocompass, Inertial Measurement Units (IMUs), Inertial Navigation Systems), Application (Aeronautics and Aviation, Robotics, Remotely Operated Vehicle Guidance, Military & Defense, Industrial) & Region - Forecast to 2021 - 2031

Fiber Optic Gyroscope Market - Analysis, Outlook, Growth, Trends, Forecasts

Fiber Optic Gyroscope Market Snapshot

Future Market Insights (FMI) projects the fiber optic gyroscope (FOG) market demand outlook to remain positive, with sales predicted to surpass US$ 1,413.2 Mn by 2021. Continued use in military and defense applications for missile flight control, dynamic GPS tracking, and ground detection will enable year over year growth at 6.5% in the market in 2021.

Advantages in terms of cost, reliability, and complexity over competing technologies will drive fiber optic gyroscope application at 7.4% in the military and defense sector. Besides this, market is expected to gain momentum will application rising at an impressive pace in remotely automated vehicle guidance technology.

2016-2020 Fiber Optic Gyroscope Demand Outlook Compared to 2021-2031 Forecast

Emergence of autonomous vehicles, and widespread use of FOG sensors in military and defense applications is likely to drive the market over the coming years. The fiber optic gyroscope demand will rise at 8.3% CAGR between 2021 and 2031 in comparison above 6.8% CAGR registered during 2016-2020.   

Fiber optic gyroscope (FOGs) are used in several important applications such as navigation and positioning systems, angular velocity sensors, stabilization equipment, and recently and most importantly, in autonomous vehicle guidance backup systems for GPS-inaccessible areas. FOGs are expected to be very crucial part of inertial sensors that determine the movement of a driverless car through a curve.

Autonomous vehicles need FOGs for navigation and stabilization of the platform in demanding battlefield, aerospace and undersea environments. This category places high demand for FOG technology as automakers aim for extreme ruggedness, small-size, light-weight, low-cost, and low-power operation in their vehicles.

According to KVH, these inertial measurement units (IMUs), which combine FOGs with accelerometer components, are able to provide highly accurate angular rate and acceleration data to precisely track the position and orientation of the car - even when GPS is unavailable – to keep the vehicle on its intended course. Thus, FOGs and FOG-based IMUs will become key parts of the sensor mechanisms essential for accurate autonomous car performance.

Will Increasing Commercial Applications FOG Sensors Drive Fiber Optic Gyroscope Demand?

Apart from increasing defense budget in several developed and developing economies, the growing adoption of automation in homes and industries are the primary factors that are positively influencing the demand for fiber optic gyroscope.

For satellite antenna positioning, navigation, and other applications, the demand for equipment optimized with intelligent sensors is escalating. Growing popularity and development of the concept of remotely operated vehicles and the use of FOG for measurement while drilling processes in the oil industry is another factors augmenting the demand in this market.

What Is the Impact of COVID-19 Crisis on Fiber Optic Gyroscope Sales?

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on nearly all spheres on the global economy. Due to restricted connectivity during the lockdown, supply-chains, exchange and transfer of essential goods and services and distribution of various commodities have all been affected.

The pandemic has adversely affected many countries worldwide, resulting in negative impact on the global economy. According to Jane's Information Group, the forecast for European defense expenditure in 2021 down to USD 288.8 billion – a 0.97% decrease on the previous year – after accounting for the economic impact of COVID-19, both in general economic terms and on public spending. Before the COVID-19 crisis, Jane’s forecast European military expenditure to increase by 2% in 2021 to USD 302 billion.

The pandemic has driven most of the affected nations into shutdowns, restricting their commercial and industrial activities. The U.S. Russia, Spain, France, the U.K., Italy, and Germany are some of the worst-affected countries due to the COVID-19 outbreak. These are major manufacturing hubs for sectors such as automobiles, transportation, aviation, construction, energy, and power.

The spread of virus has directly affected the production and demand of FOGs. All the companies working in the field of FOG manufacturing had gone on hold for more than eight months. The market disruptions due to the coronavirus pandemic has resulted in 3%-5% Year on Year (YoY) decrease in annual FOG devices in 2020. However, as per research, the FOG manufacturers have started recovering from the first quarter of 2021, also the global market would possibly recover soon in the coming quarters of 2021.

Country-wise Insights

How big is the Opportunity for Fiber Optic Gyroscope Adoption in the U.S.?

The U.S. is predicted to remain one of the most attractive markets during the forecast period, according to Future Market Insights. According to the study, the U.S. is expected to account for over 82% of the North America market through 2031.  

As per the U.S. Department of Defense, the U.S. military spending spends $934 billion, second-largest item in the federal budget after Social Security. From which $705 billion spends by the department of defense alone. FOG majorly used in military applications such as RADAR systems, electronic surveillance, GPS, navigation, and ATC (Air Traffic Control), and many more.

The country also exhibits the presence of several key vendors such as Honeywell International Inc., FOG Software Group, EMCORE Corporation, and KVH Industries, Inc. who develops FOG based automation technology, military applications, aeronautical applications, and many more. Over the years, the country’s spending on military applications has greatly increased, which is ultimately propelling the demand of FOG.

In April 2021, KVH Industries, Inc, which has a significant presence in the U.S., announced partnership with Lockheed Martin to develop and deliver the next-generation multi-axis FOG sensor for the IRST21 sensor system.

IRST21 used infrared and other sensor technologies to detect and track airborne threats with weapon-quality accuracy which increases pilot reaction time and improves survivability. Such developments have been ongoing in the country, thus augmenting the fiber optic gyroscope demand in U.S. region.   

Why is Demand for Fiber Optic Gyroscope Increasing in the U.K.?   

Demand in the U.K. market is expected to rise at nearly 12.0% CAGR over the forecast period. The UK spends more money on defense among other European countries. Since end of cold war, it increased its defense budget for spending on shipbuilding, space, and cyber.  

Adoption of advance technologies like automation in industries, warehouses, buildings and homes drives the demand for FOG in the U.K. Also digital transformation and rapidly increasing connectivity due to digital transformation and growing demand for advanced aerospace technologies propels the demand for FOG in UK.

As per the report, the Indonesia is recognized as a primary market, and it is expected to continue exhibiting high demand for fiber optic gyroscope through the forecast period.  

How is India Contributing towards the Fiber Optic Gyroscope Sales?

India will account for over 54% of share in South Africa and Pacific and expected to rise at nearly 13.5% CAGR over the forecast period. India is one of the growing economy and is expected to offer a favorable market for the fiber optic gyroscope vendors.

Over the years, India’s spending on defense sector/military has significantly increased. Most of the FOG used in aerospace and aviation technologies. Increase in demand of military applications will propel the market growth of the fiber optic gyroscope.

In recent years, the country has experienced increasing demand for RF filters in applications like electronic surveillance, GPS, navigation, smartphones to transit, filter, and receive paths for 3G, and 4G technologies augments the demand of fiber optic gyroscope in this country.  

The country is witnessing accelerating growth of digital transformation and rapidly increasing connectivity due to digital transformation and growing demand for wireless systems/automation technology. The major factor contributing to the high growth rate is increasing adoption of Smartphones in India. The country has many established SMEs, which are growing at an exponential rate to cater to large customer bases.

Category-wise Insights

Which Sensing Axis is More Preferred in FOG market?     

Revenues of 3-Axis segment grew a robust 8.0% year over year in 2021. Demand of 3-Axis segment increased at a steady rate between 2020 and 2021, giving the combined sensing axis markets year-over-year growth of 6.5% in 2021, according to the Future Market Insights.

Based on sensing axis, 3-axis segment is expected to grow at a high pace, accounting market share nearly 42.5% of the market in 2031. The 3-axis fiber optic gyroscope has potential to meet both the low-cost, compact sized, as well as high performance needs of inertial navigation and precision applications in spacecraft’s.

This type of gyroscopes are used in vehicle, underwater, and aerospace attitude measurement. The high-precision 3-axis fiber optic gyroscope and high-precision quartz flexible accelerometers are implemented for north seeking and positioning and highly integrated in Inertial Navigation Systems (INS) for autonomous navigation. Thus, the growing adoption of 3-axis FOG sensors in autonomous vehicles, submarines and spacecraft’s is expected to propel the market growth of fiber optics gyroscope.

Which industry exhibits high adoption of FOG sensors?  

In the fiber optic gyroscope research study, military & defense and aeronautics & aviation application segment revenue totaled US$ 831.3 Mn for 2021, according to the analysis conducted by Future Market Insights.

By application segment, military and defense segment is dominating the global FOG application segment. The segment is estimated to register a market share of 33.4% by the end of 2021. However, the remotely operated vehicle guidance segment is estimated to grow the fastest during the forecast period. The segment is projected to witness a CAGR of 11.0% during the forecast period 2021-31.          

Fiber optics technology played very crucial role in aerospace and Defence industry. The technology has been continuously been under development in the Army, Navy, and Air Force for applications, which range from Fiber Optics payout dispensers for air, land, and marine vehicles to Fiber Optics sensors for vehicle-navigation and environmental sensing and monitoring.

FOG is a type of angular velocity measuring device, which can precisely determine the orientation of moving objects. FOG has a great value in the military field, because of its remarkable advantages, flexible structure, and broad application prospects. The technology has been used in wide range of applications in the military because of its superiority in angular rate and acceleration measurement and its significant advantages in dynamic range, sensitivity, and reliability.

FOGs can be used for positioning, orientation, and navigation of tanks, submarines, self-propelled artillery, and armored assault vehicles. When satellite-based navigation systems are unable to deliver the information, FOGs can be used to ensure autonomous navigation, precise guidance, and accurate target hitting of the aircraft. Also, these systems are the importation part of aviation fire control system. In firing systems, FOGs are used to stabilize the aiming and firing lines of weapon systems such as armed helicopters, ensuring that weapons can search, aim, track and shoot in motion. In addition, fiber optics gyro is also the only effective navigation technology underwater, which can be used for positioning, orientation and navigation of submarines.

Why Does Inertial Navigation Systems Device Segment Hold Leading Share?

The inertial navigation systems is expected to contribute maximum revenue share of 44.5% in the global market of fiber optic gyroscope in the year 2021.

An Inertial Navigation System (INS) comprises of FOGs and accelerometers, which help it track the orientation and position of an object with reference to a known starting point. The FOG is used to measure the angular velocity of the frame with the sensor. Whereas, the accelerometer is used to measure the acceleration of the moving object in the frame.

Based on this, one can identify the vehicle’s direction, i.e. whether it is moving backward, forward, left or right. By tracking both, the current linear acceleration of the system and the current angular velocity of the system relative to the moving object, the relative orientation of an object and its position can be derived.

These systems are used in navigation applications, where accuracy and performance are of utmost importance, along with the size and cost. The inertial navigation system market is forecasted to witness prominent growth in the near future, due to increasing advancement in technology pertaining to navigation systems.

Competitive Landscape

According to the FMI analysis, Honeywell, KVH industries, EMCORE Corporation, and iXblue are identified as key players in the fiber optic gyroscope landscape. Companies manufacturing fiber optic gyroscope are aiming at product innovation and strategic partnerships with other manufacturers to expand their product manufacturing and address the demand of an expanding customer pool.

  • In June 2020, KVH Launched P-1775 Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) featuring KVH’s new PIC Inside Photonic Integrated Chip (PIC) technology. The new technology designed to upgrade inertial sensor performance and reliability for the growing autonomous market. FOGs and FOG-based IMUs used in a wide variety of applications ranging from optical, antenna, and sensor stabilization systems to mobile mapping solutions and autonomous platforms and cars.
  • In October 2020, FIBERPRO launched Fiber Optics based Single Axis Gyroscope, FI 150. The new product is able to stabilize the specific attitude of a moving system. It is also used in applications like controlling broad array of sensors, cameras, telescopes, and weapons systems, such as gun turret, gimbal, antenna, etc.

Scope of Report



Forecast Period


Historical Data Available for


Market Analysis

USD Million for Value

Key Countries Covered

US, Canada, Germany, U.K., France, Italy, Spain, Russia, China, Japan, South Korea, India, ASEAN, Australia & New Zealand, GCC Countries, Turkey, and South Africa

Key Segments Covered

Sensing Axis, Device, Application, and Region

Key Companies Profiled

  • KVH Industries, Inc.
  • EMCORE Corporation
  • FIBERPRO, Inc.
  • Saab
  • Honeywell
  • Tamagawa Seiki Co., Ltd.
  • Optolink
  • NedAero Components B.V
  • iXblue
  • Fizoptika
  • Safran
  • Cielo Inertial Solutions
  • Ericco International
  • Fibernetics LLC
  • Northrop Grumman Sperry Marine B.V.

Report Coverage

Market Forecast, Company Share Analysis, Competition Intelligence, DROT Analysis, Market Dynamics and Challenges, and Strategic Growth Initiatives

Customization & Pricing

Available upon Request

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Fiber Optic Gyroscope Market by Category

By Sensing Axis:

  • 1-Axis
  • 2-Axis
  • 3-Axis

By Device:

  • Fiber Optics Gyrocompass
  • Inertial Measurement Units (IMUs)
  • Inertial Navigation Systems
  • Others

By Application:

  • Aeronautics and Aviation
  • Robotics
  • Remotely Operated Vehicle Guidance
    • Unmanned Underwater Vehicle (UUV)
    • Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV)
    • Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)
  • Military & Defense
  • Industrial
  • Others

By Region:

  • North America
  • Latin America
  • Europe
  • East Asia
  • South Asia & Pacific
  • Middle East and Africa (MEA)

Key Questions Answered in the Report

Which region is expected to showcase significant growth in fiber optic gyroscope industry research?

South Asia & Pacific is projected to grow at the highest CAGR of 12.7% during the forecast period, owing to rise in government investments in military and defense sectors.
1-Axis sensing is the most attractive segment, with estimated market share of 42.8% in 2021. However, 3-Axis segment is estimated to grow CAGR of 10.2% during the forecast period.
The leading companies in this landscape are Honeywell, KVH Industries, and EMCORE Corporation. As per Future Market Insights analysis, 48% of the market share is currently covered by the top 3-5 players.
Military & defense application dominates the market, generating revenue of US$ 42.2 Mn by 2031, owing to increasing adoption of FOG systems in military aircrafts, guided munitions, and in submarines.
The fiber optic gyroscope market was valued at ~US$ 1,326.8 Mn in 2020, and is estimated to grow at 8.3% CAGR between 2021 and 2031.
The market size of fiber optic gyroscope is expected to be valued at US$ $ 1,413.2 Mn by the end of 2021, and is likely to reach US$ 3,132.1 Mn by 2031.
The market in last 5 years (2016 – 2020) grew by a CAGR of 6.8%.
Key trends impacting the market include rise in adoption of fiber optic gyroscope in industrial applications and emergence of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).
Rise in adoption of FOG sensors in autonomous vehicles and widespread use of FOG sensors in army, navy and air force applications are propelling market growth of Fiber Optics Gyroscope.
Top 5 countries driving demand for fiber optic gyroscope include the Indonesia, India, U.S., China, and Malaysia.
North America is the most attractive markets during the forecast period. According to the study, U.S. is expected to account for nearly 78% of the North America market through 2031.
Japan and South Korea was valued at US$ 123.0 Mn and US$ 44.6 Mn in 2020, and is projected to register CAGR of 7.4% and 4.8% respectively between 2021 and 2031.

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